Top 7 Different Types Of Aarti Performed in Hinduism

In Hinduism, aartis are significant religious rituals performed to worship a deity. This practice is an integral part of daily worship in temples across India. Aartis typically conclude a puja (prayer ceremony) and are often conducted by brahmins (priests) and pandits within the temple.

However, aartis are not restricted to temple settings alone. They hold a prominent place in Indian culture and are also used to extend warm welcomes to honored guests at special functions or ceremonies. For instance, aartis are performed to welcome guests during school or college annual functions, and they are also part of the tradition to welcome a newborn baby into the family.

What Is Aarti & Its Significance in Hinduism?

Aarti is indeed one of the predominant methods of worship in Hinduism, often accompanied by the recitation of mantras, chalisas, or hymns in praise of the deity. The term ‘aarti’ is derived from the Sanskrit root word ‘aartika,’ which literally means ‘to remove darkness.’

This association with dispelling darkness is reflected in the practice of offering a source of light during aarti ceremonies, typically by lighting lamps or pieces of chaurpur (a multi-tiered brass or silver lamp).

In ancient times, it is believed that only the Sandhya Vandana, a ritual performed in the evening, was conducted. Over time, this form of worship evolved into various styles, one of which is aarti.

In this article, I’ve compiled a list of the seven most common types of aarti that you may have witnessed being performed in temples and other sacred rituals.

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Mangal Aarti (मंगल आरती)

The Mangal Aarti holds a special place as the first aarti performed before the presiding deity of a temple. This sacred ritual commences in the early morning hours, typically between 4:00 and 4:30 am. This time, known as ‘brahma-muhurta,’ spans approximately 1 to 2 hours before sunrise and is considered highly auspicious for spiritual elevation.

It is believed that any spiritual practices conducted during this early morning period yield more favorable results than those performed at other times of the day. The Mangal aarti signifies an auspicious beginning to one’s day, commencing with the viewing and prayers to the deity.

The reason for starting the Mangal aarti so early in the morning is rooted in the teachings found in numerous spiritual texts, emphasizing that those seeking spiritual advancement should awaken before sunrise. Thus, the Mangal aarti serves as a daily practice to instill this habit among devotees.

Dhoop Aarti (धूप आरती)

The Dhoop Aarti constitutes the second aarti of the morning, occurring after the ceremonial bath of the presiding deity in the temple. This particular aarti is named ‘dhoop aarti’ because it involves the use of scented incense, represented by the term ‘dhoop.’ Typically, the dhoop aarti follows the Mangal Aarti.

During this aarti, the idol of the deity is bathed, adorned with clothing, and garlanded with flowers. For those unable to rise during the brahma-muhurta for the Mangal Aarti, the dhoop aarti presents an alternative opportunity for worship at a later hour.

The aarti involves burning various materials, including coconut peels and dhuna (a fragrant resin), but incense sticks play a prominent role in the ceremony, adding to the ritual’s ambiance and fragrance.

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Shringar Aarti (श्रृंगार आरती)

The Shringar Aarti is a specific type of aarti that occurs between 7:00 and 7:30 in the morning. Prior to the Shringar Aarti, the presiding deity is meticulously adorned with precious ornaments and exquisite garlands of flowers, creating a captivating sight for devotees to admire.

This aarti is primarily conducted in temples, where the temple deity undergoes daily preparation in the morning before 7 am. The Shringar Aarti serves as a beautiful reflection of how people dress up to meet others in their daily lives. Similarly, deities also adorn themselves before their interaction with devotees. Typically, the Shringar Aarti follows the early morning Mangal Aarti.

Bhog Aarti (भोग आरती)

The Bhog Aarti is a distinctive ceremony conducted primarily at large temples, where the main meal of the day is offered first to the presiding deity and then distributed to devotees visiting the temple. This aarti typically takes place between 11:00 and 12:00 p.m. Following the Bhog Aarti, the temple’s sanctum is often closed for the afternoon.

The Bhog Aarti represents the third aarti of the day, which is observed daily in temples. The meals served during this ceremony are prepared using sattvic recipes, excluding any non-vegetarian ingredients. Some temples even abstain from using salt, oil, and certain vegetables as per temple rituals.

Puja Aarti (पूजा आरती)

Puja Aarti is a form of worship that holds a ubiquitous presence in Hindu rituals and ceremonies. It typically occurs at the conclusion of a religious ceremony or ritual. It is believed that if Puja Aarti is not conducted correctly at the end of a worship, the entire ritual remains incomplete.

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During the Puja Aarti, a song, hymn, or mantra associated with the deity is often sung. According to Hindu traditions, it is believed that the performance of Puja Aarti at the end of a worship ritual rectifies any errors or deficiencies that may have occurred during the worship, ensuring the completeness and fulfillment of the devotion.

Sandhya Aarti (संध्या आरती)

The Sandhya Aarti is arguably the most popular of all aartis, observed daily in every temple during the evening between 6:30 and 7:00. Many individuals visit their local temples during this time to partake in the Sandhya Aarti.

At home, this aarti holds significant importance for many devotees. During the Sandhya Aarti, the presiding deity is venerated through offerings of incense-scented smoke. This aarti is also known by various names, including Sandhya-Dhoop Aarti and Sandhya Puja.

It is believed that the time when the Sandhya Aarti is performed represents a moment of reconciliation between the gods and their devotees. This aarti can be conducted by anyone at home, and it is not a requirement to have a brahmin or pandit perform it on one’s behalf.

Shayan Aarti (शयन आरती)

The Shayan Aarti serves as the concluding aarti of the day in temples. During this ceremony, the presiding deity is adorned in sleeping attire. Unlike other aartis, the Shayan Aarti is relatively brief, typically lasting only a few minutes. Additionally, no conch shell is blown during this aarti, and other musical instruments, including the conch, are not used.

While the Sandhya Aarti is generally considered the final aarti of the day, devotees perform the Shayan Aarti as a request to the deity for a peaceful night’s rest. The temple doors are reopened the following day, marking the commencement of the day’s rituals, which typically begin with the Mangal Aarti.

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Shiba Prasad

Shiba Prasad

I've been captivated by India's ancient history and Vedic culture. What began as a hobby, reading books on Hinduism, has now turned into my full-time commitment, researching and writing for this blog. When not working, I enjoy spending time with friends.

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