India is increasing its power generation capacity at a rapid speed. The government is committed to supply electricity to all homes by 2030. However, it will take a long way to go, as around 280 million people in rural villages still don’t have access to a basic electricity connection. On top of that, the demand also outgrown the supply, leading to a substation power shortage.
These combined factors are rising the market of Indian thermal power plants at a rate of 1.6% by 2020 – 2025. Today almost 65% of India’s total electricity production capacity is fulfilled by 85% of its thermal power plants, small and big included. So, here is the list of 13 super thermal power plants in India that produce thousands of megawatts of electricity.
Vedanta Jharsuguda Captive Power Plant – 4,760 MW
This coal based thermal power plant is the biggest thermal power plant in India with an installed capacity of generating 4,760 megawatts of electricity. It’s a captive power plant, meaning it’s a private sector power generator. This power plant is located in Odisha, near Jharsuguda town in Jharsuguda district.
Mundra Thermal Power Station – 4,620 MW
Mundra Thermal Power Station is a coal based thermal power plant, located in the Kutch district of Gujarat in India. The power station is owned by Adani Power Limited, and is India’s second largest operational power plant with the installed capacity of producing 4,620 megawatts of electricity.
Jindal Tamnar Thermal Power Plant – 3,400 MW
Located at the Tamnar village in the Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh, this coal based thermal power plant has the installed capacity of generating 3,400 megawatts of electricity. This power plant is operated by the Jindal power limited.
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station – 3,340 MW
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station in Maharashtra, is a coal based thermal power station. It has an installed capacity of generating 3,340 megawatts of electricity, which makes it the largest power plant in Maharashtra, providing power to almost 25% of the state’s needs.
Tiroda Thermal Power Station – 3,300 MW
Adani Power Limited owned this coal based thermal power station. This plant is located in Gondia district, Maharashtra. This plant generates power with a combined capacity of 3,300 megawatts of electricity, through five of 660mw units. The power plant uses cutting edge technology to draw water from the Wainganga river for its operations.
Talcher Super Thermal Power Station – 3000 MW
Located in the Angul district of Odisha, this coal based thermal power plant has the installed capacity of generating 3,000 megawatts of electricity. The power plant has a total of six operational 500 megawatts units.
Commissioned in 1968, this thermal power plant is the oldest in the state. Recently it also has been ranked among the best power plants in the county to achieve the highest ever power generation in a single day.
Rihand Thermal Power Station – 3000 MW
Rihand Super Thermal Power Station in Uttar Pradesh, has an installed capacity of generating 3000 megawatts of electricity. This is a coal based thermal power station and its coal supply comes from the Amlori and Dudhichua mines. The largest water reservoir of India, Rihand dam supplies the water for the plant’s operation.
Sipat Thermal Power Plant – 2980 MW
Based in Chhattisgarh, this Sipat Thermal Power Plant is a coal fueled thermal power station, with an installed capacity of generating 2,980 megawatts of electricity. The coal is supplied from the Dipika Coal Mines, and the water of the plant’s operation is supplied from the water reservoir of Hasdeo Bango Dam.
NTPC Dadri – 2637 MW
National Capital Power Station or NTPC Dadri is a coal and gas-fired thermal power station with the combined installed capacity of producing 2,637 megawatts of electricity. Located in Uttar Pradesh, it is one of the biggest thermal power plants in India, and became operational in 1991.
NTPC Ramagundam – 2600 MW
With a combined capacity of 2600 megawatts, the NTPC Ramagundam is also a part of the National Capital Power Station and located in Telangana. It’s one of the biggest thermal power stations in southern India.
Korba Super Thermal Power Plant – 2600 MW
The Korba Super Thermal Power Plant is one of the coal-fired thermal power stations of National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC), situated in Korba district of Chhattisgarh.It has a total capacity of producing 2,600 megawatts of electricity. The coal for the plant is sourced from the Kusmunda and Gevra Mines.
Shree Singaji Thermal Power Station – 2520 MW
Shree Singaji Thermal Power Station has the combined capacity of generating 2,520 megawatts of electricity with its four 600MW units. This plant is located in Madhya Pradesh, and uses water from the reservoir of the largest storage dam of India, Indira storage dam.
Sterlite Jharsuguda Power Station – 2400 MW
This coal based thermal power station is located in Odisha, with a combined capacity of producing 2,400 megawatts of electricity. This power plant is owned and operated by Sterlite Energy, hence the name – Sterlite Jharsuguda Power Station.