The 12 Sons Of Pandavas In Mahabharata (Family Tree)

Most people who are familiar with the epic Mahabharata are likely aware of the Pandavas – the five brothers named Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva. They were born to King Pandu and his two wives, Kunti and Madri.

Each of these brothers possessed unique divine blessings from celestial deities, which bestowed them with extraordinary abilities and skills. For instance, Bhima was renowned for his incredible, superhuman strength, while Arjuna gained fame for his unparalleled archery prowess.

Despite the widespread recognition and admiration the Pandavas enjoy, their sons often remain in the shadows, lacking the same level of recognition. In this article, we aim to shed light on the entire family tree of the Pandavas, with a focus on their lesser-known offspring. These descendants of the Pandavas are collectively referred to as the Upapandavas, or the junior Pandavas.

The Sons Of Pandavas

During the period when the five Pandavas were living in the forest disguised as Brahmins, a unique event took place. Arjuna participated in a competition for Draupadi’s hand in marriage and emerged as the victor. However, due to a twist of fate, they found themselves in a rather unusual situation, and they all ended up marrying Draupadi and sharing her as their wife.

In other words, all five brothers – Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva – were married to the same woman. Consequently, each of them fathered a son with Draupadi. Their names are Prativindhya, Sutasoma, Srutakirti, Satanika, and Srutakarman, respectively. Collectively, these five sons of the Pandavas are also known as the Pandavaputras or Draupadeyas.

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PandavasSons From DraupadiSons From Other Wives
BhimaSutasomaGhatotkach, Sarvaga
ArjunaSrutakarmaIravan, Babhruvahana, Abhimanyu

The Sons Of Yudhisthira

In the epic Mahabharata, Yudhishthira, the eldest Pandava, had two wives: Draupadi and Devika. While Draupadi is a well-known figure as the empress of Indraprastha and the chief consort of all five Pandavas, Devika remains less familiar to the public.

Devika was the daughter of Govasana, the king of the Sivi kingdom, although some editions of the Mahabharata mention it as the Saivya tribe. Yudhishthira married her by his own choice, and together they had a son named Yaudheya.

Yudhishthira also had another son named Prativindhya from his primary consort, Draupadi. Prativindhya was a formidable warrior who grew up alongside the other Upapandavas in the grandeur of the Indraprastha palace. He later became the ruler of the kingdom of Shakala and played a significant role in the great Kurukshetra war, fighting on the side of the Pandavas.

The Sons Of Bhima

In the epic Mahabharata, there’s no doubt that Bhima was the one who loved and cared for Draupadi the most. Known for his incredible strength, he fulfilled his oath to avenge the humiliation of Draupadi in the public court of Hastinapura.

Bhima had three sons from three different wives. He and Draupadi, as the chief consort of all the Pandavas, had a son named Sutasoma. He played a crucial role in the Kurukshetra war and came close to defeating Shakuni. Sadly, Sutasoma, along with Bhima’s other two sons, did not survive the war.

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Bhima also married a rakshasi named Hidimba while they were living in the forest in disguise as Brahmins. They had a son named Ghatotkach. Ghatotkach is actually Bhima’s eldest son because Hidimba was his first wife.

Additionally, Bhima married Jalandhara, the princess of Kasi, who gave birth to Bhima’s third son, Sarvaga. However, the Mahabharata doesn’t provide much information about Sarvaga. According to some folk stories, he did not participate in the Kurukshetra war.

The Sons Of Arjuna

Arjuna, a prominent figure in the Mahabharata, stands out as one of its most iconic characters. His fame remains unmatched, even when compared to his four brothers. He holds the title of the second most renowned male character in the epic, following only Lord Krishna. Arjuna is celebrated as the greatest archer of his time and a central hero in the Mahabharata.

Throughout his life, Arjuna entered into matrimony with four royal princesses from different states. These illustrious marriages included Draupadi (the princess of the Panchal State), Ulupi (the daughter of Kauravya), Chitrangada (princess of the Manipur kingdom), and Subhadra (the half-sister of Krishna).

Each of these four wives bore him a son, one from each marriage. Their names are Srutakarma, Iravan, Babhruvahana, and Abhimanyu, respectively. All of Arjuna’s sons participated in the epic Kurukshetra war, displaying great valor and skill as warriors. However, it was Abhimanyu who garnered the lion’s share of popularity and fame as the mighty son of Arjuna.

The Sons Of Nakula

Nakula, the fourth of the five Pandava brothers, was renowned as the most handsome man of his era. Interestingly, Nakula and his twin brother, Sahadeva, were blessed by King Pandu and Madri through a celestial deity known as Ashwini Kumaras. This technically makes them step-brothers of Yudhishthira, Bhima, and Arjuna, but they lived together as true brothers, displaying remarkable unity among them.

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Nakula is particularly famous for his extraordinary expertise in horse-keeping. Some texts even suggest that he could understand the language of horses and was a skilled practitioner of Ayurveda.

When it comes to Nakula’s descendants, he had two sons. Shatanika was his son from Draupadi, and Niramitra was born to his second wife, Karenumati, who happened to be the daughter of Shishupala.

The Sons Of Sahadeva

Sahadeva, the youngest of the five Pandavas, was known for his exceptional skills in both swordsmanship and astrology. His prowess in astrology was so remarkable that even Duryodhana, one of the Pandavas’ fiercest adversaries, frequently sought his guidance for insights into the future.

While Sahadeva excelled in astrology and swordsmanship, some texts outside of the main Mahabharata suggest he may have been a bit arrogant about his knowledge of astrology and spirituality.

Sahadeva had two wives. One of them was Draupadi, the shared consort of all five Pandavas. His second wife was Vijaya, the princess of the Madra state. Vijaya chose Sahadeva as her husband in a ‘swayamvar,’ an event organized by her father, King Dyutimata of Madra.

From these marriages, Sahadeva had two sons, one from each wife. Shrutasena was his son with Draupadi, while Suhotra was born to him from Vijaya.

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Shiba Prasad

Shiba Prasad

I've been captivated by India's ancient history and Vedic culture. What began as a hobby, reading books on Hinduism, has now turned into my full-time commitment, researching and writing for this blog. When not working, I enjoy spending time with friends.

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