Top 7 Highest Capacity Nuclear Power Plants In India

India is enhancing its infrastructure and increasing its capacity to generate more nuclear-powered energy in order to reduce its dependence on imported energy resources. With the nation experiencing a steady rise in energy consumption, the central government has set a target to construct more nuclear power plants to meet the growing demand.

Here’s a list of the top 7 nuclear power stations in India that are currently producing the highest amount of nuclear-powered electricity.

Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project

In the coastal town of Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu, you’ll find India’s largest nuclear power plant. Its construction began back in 2002 and finally kicked into action in 2013, after a series of delays caused by local fishermen protests.

This nuclear powerhouse boasts six VVER-1000 reactors, the result of a partnership between Russia’s state company and the Nuclear Power Corporation of India. It’s got an impressive electricity-generating capacity of 6,000 megawatts.

Kakrapar Atomic Power Station

Located about 80 kilometers from Surat, Gujarat, along the Tapti River, the Kakrapar Atomic Power Station started construction in 1984 and became operational on May 6, 1993.

This power station was built in two stages. The first phase introduced two pressurized water reactors, each capable of producing 220 megawatts of electricity. The cost for this initial phase was around Rs 1,335 crore.

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In the second phase, the Indian government gave the green light for two more IPHWR-700 reactors, one already installed, and the other under construction. With these new reactors, Kakrapar Atomic Power Station will have a total electricity-producing capacity of 1,840 megawatts.

Tarapur Atomic Power Station (T.A.P.S.)

Nestled in the industrial zone of Boisar, Maharashtra’s Thane district, Tarapur Atomic Power Station stands as India’s very first commercial nuclear power station. Its construction dates back to 1963, through a collaboration involving India, the United States, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Initially equipped with two boiling water reactors (BWR) supplied by the United States, Tarapur went live for commercial operation on October 28, 1969. These reactors combined to produce 420 megawatts of electricity. More recently, two pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR) were added, each capable of generating 540 megawatts of electricity.

Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS)

In Rawatbhata, Rajasthan, you’ll find the Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS). This power station began construction in 1963 and was commissioned a decade later, on December 16, 1973. Initially, it featured two pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR), each with a 220-megawatt output and a price tag of $570 million at the time.

Since then, the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL), which owns and operates the plant, has expanded its facilities. Today, RAPS boasts six operational reactors, with a combined capacity to generate 1,180 megawatts of electricity.

Kaiga Atomic Power Station

Operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation Of India, the Kaiga Atomic Power Station stands near the Kali river in Uttar Kannada district, Karnataka. This nuclear facility has been active since March 2020, providing electricity to five southern Indian states: Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Pondicherry.

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Kaiga Atomic Power Station features four pressurized heavy water reactors, each capable of producing 220 megawatts of electricity. Although the first unit faced construction delays in 1994, both units have been operational since 2020, collectively generating 880 megawatts of electricity.

Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS)

Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS) is situated in Narora, Bulandshahar district, Uttar Pradesh. The power station houses two pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR), each with a capacity of producing 220 megawatts of electricity.

The first unit commenced commercial operation on January 1, 1991, and the second on July 1, 1992. Together, they produce 440 megawatts of electricity.

Madras Atomic Power Station

Located about 80 kilometers south of Chennai, the Madras Atomic Power Station stands as India’s first fully indigenous nuclear power station. It houses two pressurized heavy water reactors (PHWR), each with a capacity to generate 235 megawatts of electricity.

This atomic power station was a collaborative effort between the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and the Indian engineering firm Larsen & Toubro, building on their experience with CANDU reactors at Kota.

India as a Nuclear Power Country

India earned its reputation as a nuclear power country following its successful nuclear test on May 18, 1974, known as “Smiling Buddha.” India not only possesses an arsenal of nuclear weapons but also the technology to harness nuclear energy, producing gigawatts of electricity.

Who Made India a Nuclear Power State?

India’s journey to becoming a full-fledged nuclear power state was marked by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s declaration, made in a press release, after conducting two additional nuclear tests on May 13, 1998.

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How Many Nuclear Power Plants Are in India?

India currently operates 22 different types of operational reactors with a total capacity of 6,890 megawatts of electricity production.

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Shiba Prasad

Shiba Prasad

I've been captivated by India's ancient history and Vedic culture. What began as a hobby, reading books on Hinduism, has now turned into my full-time commitment, researching and writing for this blog. When not working, I enjoy spending time with friends.

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