Top 7 Hindu Gods Who Have Multiple Wives (But WHY)

Hinduism, the world’s third-largest religion with over 1.3 billion followers, is primarily practiced in India. Dating back to around 2300 B.C., it stands as the oldest surviving religion. One intriguing aspect of Hinduism is the polygamous culture associated with its deities.

Polygamy, the practice of a man having multiple wives, was more of a personal choice in ancient India, predominantly followed by kings, warrior castes, and wealthy merchants. Seen as a status symbol and sometimes a social, moral, and religious obligation, polygamy is reflected in the depictions of many Hindu deities having multiple spouses.

It’s important to note that, according to most Hindu scholars, the multiple spouses of gods are not literal wives but representations of feminine energy. These goddesses are considered pure universal energies assisting their male counterparts in upholding the laws of dharma. The stories of polygamy in Hindu mythology are believed to carry abstract philosophical knowledge.

Lord Brahma – 2 Wives

Lord Brahma, the creator of the cosmic universe, is depicted with two wives, Saraswati and Gayatri. Despite the interpretation that Saraswati was his daughter, scholars argue that these stories symbolize abstract ancient philosophy rather than literal relationships.

Lord Vishnu – 3 Wives

Vishnu and his three wives

Lord Vishnu, revered as the god of prosperity and preserver, is associated with three wives: Lakshmi, Saraswati, and Ganga. The complex relationships are explained as symbolic and beyond the limitations of three-dimensional common sense.

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Lord Shiva – 2 Wives

Lord Shiva - Two Wives

Lord Shiva, known as the destroyer in Hindu beliefs, has two wives: Sati and Parvati. The story involves Sati’s tragic end due to her father’s disapproval of her love for Shiva. This event leads to Shiva’s intense fury and subsequent actions.

Shani Dev – 2 Wives

hindu god of misfortune, shani dev is not considered as lord.

Shani Dev, the god of restrictions and misfortunes, is said to have two wives, Neelima and Damini. Folk stories attribute Neelima’s powers to a significant event involving Lord Shiva’s actions.

Lord Yama – 3 Wives

hindu god of death, lord yama is riding on his black vehicle buffalo, with two of his servants.

Lord Yama, the god of death and justice, is responsible for the dispensation of law. He is said to have three wives: Dhumorna, Syamala, and Hema-mala, although variations exist in different texts.

Lord Ganesha – 5 Wives

lord ganesh with his five wives - Riddhi, Sidhi, Tushti, Pushti, and Shree.

Lord Ganesha, the elephant god, is well-known for removing obstacles and increasing intellect. Mythologically, he is said to have five wives: Riddhi, Sidhi, Tushti, Pushti, and Shree.

Lord Kartikeya – 2 Wives

Lord Kartikeya, the god of war and younger son of Shiva and Parvati, is popular in South India. Traditionally, he is depicted with two wives: Valli and Devasena, though Valli’s mention is not found in Hindu scriptures.

These diverse tales of polygamy in Hindu mythology reflect the rich and intricate tapestry of the religion, embodying abstract philosophical concepts rather than literal relationships.

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Shiba Prasad

Shiba Prasad

I've been captivated by India's ancient history and Vedic culture. What began as a hobby, reading books on Hinduism, has now turned into my full-time commitment, researching and writing for this blog. When not working, I enjoy spending time with friends.

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