India has recently boosted its effort on completing several mega projects in time, to boost the nation’s infrastructure development and robust connectivity. According to a global construction report, India will become the world’s third-largest construction market by 2022, only behind the USA, and China.
The country has been working hard on countless mega projects for the last few decades. Some of which have now been completed and opened for public use.
Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project
KLIP (Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project) is India’s most ambitious and multi-purpose irrigation project to date. The project was planned to make Telangana a drought-free state. The project was constructed on the Godavari river in Kaleshwaram.
The project was planned to provide water for drinking and irrigation purposes to about 45 lakh acres of land in Telangana. A total of 16 water reservoirs and 19 pump houses were built to take care of the massive amount of water supply.
In addition to supplying water, this project is also designed for potential hydro-power generation. The construction was started in 2016, and completed in a record time of just three years, in 2019. The total cost of the project was Rs 1.2 lakh crore.
Banihal-Qazigund Road Tunnel
In 2011, a project of 8.5km long road tunnel construction was started, in the union territory of Jammu & Kashmir to connect Banihal and Qazigund. After 10 years of making, the project has now been completed successfully in 2021, with a estimated cost of Rs 2,100 crore.
The existing road tunnel below the Banihal pass has a limited traffic capacity. Often time it witnesses traffic congestion that affects movement due to its elevation of 2,194m (7,198 ft).The tunnel now plays an essential role in reducing the distance between Srinagar and Jammu by 16 km.
Rewa Solar Power Project
This ultra solar power grid is one of India’s largest solar power plants. It is also counted as one of the largest single-site solar plants in Asia. The plant spread over an area of 1,590 acres (6.4 Square kilometers) in the Gurth tehsil of Rewa district, in Madhya Pradesh. Hence the name – Rewa Solar Power Plant.
It’s the first solar plant project in India to have gotten investment directly from a part of the World Bank Group. The entire construction cost of the solar plant is around Rs 4,500 crore.
The solar plant has the capacity of generating 750 megawatts of clean renewable energy, which helps reduce 15.4 lakh tonnes of carbon dioxide each year.
Sardar Patel Stadium
Sardar Patel Stadium, also commonly known as Narendra Modi Stadium is the world’s largest cricket stadium. It has a seating capacity of 1.32 lakh spectators. It’s made for the Gujarat Cricket Association for organizing various cricket matches, such as Test, ODI, and T20I cricket matches.
The Gujarat government donated a 100-acre of land in 1982, on the banks of the Sabarmati river for the project. The stadium was built way before in 1983, but the reconstruction was started in late 2015 after demolishing the entire structure.
The total reconstruction cost of the project is said to be around Rs 800 crore. Recently the Namaste Trump ceremony was organized in the stadium in 2020, as the newly reconstructed stadium was opened to the public for the first time.
Sardar Sarovar Dam
The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a terminal dam built on the river of Narmada, called – Lifeline Of Gujarat. The dam was located at the Kevadia in the Narmada district of Gujarat. This is the second-largest dam in the world regarding volume and size, with the highest spillway discharge capacity of 20.7 lakhs cases.
The Sardar Sarovar Dam is one of India’s most controversial projects. The impact it has on the environment were widely debated. It was constructed to increase irrigation and produce hydro-powered electricity. Although, it usually doesn’t release water for irrigation use in summer times.
However, this year in 2021 the water management had no other option but to release about 1.3 million acre feet (MAF) water for irrigation, as surface water reserves depleted in some areas.
Bhadla Solar Park
Bhadla Solar Park is India’s and the world’s largest solar park, spreading across 5,700 hectares (14,000 acres) of land in Bhadla village, in the Jodhpur district of Rajasthan.
The region which this solar park is located in, has an average temperature of 46 to 48°C, with hot winds occurring frequently. The region has been described as “almost unlivable” due to its climate.
This hars and high temperature climate is a boon for the solar park, giving it the capacity of generating 2245 megawatt of electricity.
Bogibeel Bridge is India’s longest rail-road bridge, with a length of 4.94km over the Brahmaputra river. The project was started in 2002, and took 200 months of hard work to complete. The bridge is made as part of efforts to boost defences in its sensitive border sharing with China.
The entire project cost about 800 million dollars. The bridge has been designed and constructed in such a way, it can bear the weight of India’s heaviest battle tanks. Even fighter jets can land on it. The bridge is said to have a serviceable period of around 120 years. With the opening of the bridge, traveling to Arunachal Pradesh has been cut by 750km.
India has now the largest dry-dock built for its Navy, measuring 281 meters in length, 45 meters in width, and 16.7 meters in depth. It has the capacity to dock multiple ships at once, including two submarines.
It also has the space and durability to dock the huge Soviet-origin INS Vikramaditya to give you a perspective of its capability. According to the official website of Indian Navy, “this dry dock has over one kilometre of berthing space with sectioning to allow multiple warships to be docked.”
This mega project was started in 2010, and completed the construction in 2019. Throughout the construction period it faced many challenges and engineering difficulties due to the sheer size & scale of the project.
Chenani-Nashri Tunnel is the longest road tunnel in India, with a length of 9.28km. It’s also the first tunnel ever built with a fully integrated control system for 24×7 monitoring. The project was started in 2011 and fully completed in 2017 for public use.
After the opening, it’s said to reduce the distance between Jammu and Srinagar by 30 km. The tunnel has been designed for all-weather connectivity. Otherwise, it would be closed for 40 days a year, due to bad weather conditions. The tunnel has two tubes that run parallel to each other.
Dhola Sadiya Bridge
Dhola Sadiya Bridge is the longest beam bridge in India, connecting the northeastern states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The total length of the bridge is nearly 9.15 km. The bridge has been designed for guaranteed 24×7 connectivity.
It reduces the travel time by around five hours between Rupai in Assam to Meka and Roing in Arunachal Pradesh. The construction of the project was started in November 2011 and fully completed in 2017, with a cost of Rs 1,702 crore.